Allergies and Allergens explained


When the body involuntary reacts to a safe item, it is an allergy. And allergy-causing substances are called allergens. The most common allergens include pollen, pet dander, and certain foods.

But, in actuality what is an allergic reaction? The first connection between an allergy-prone person and the allergen results in the creation of antibodies.
These antibodies trail around the body and destruct white blood cells. And in the process emit a chemical called ‘histamine’ into the bloodstream. An increase in histamine level causes itching, enlargement of blood vessels and bronchospasm.

Types of Allergies

Allergies differ on the bases of the allergens that cause them. Hence, here’s an overview of the various allergens to help you identify which allergy is afflicting you.

Pollen- Pollen allergies are of two types, ‘Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis’ or ‘Hay Fever’. The common symptoms are swelling in the nose and eyes. And people suffering from this type of allergy suffer from sneezes, congestion, and eye irritation.
Dust Mites- The dust particles clinging on the upholstery, drapes, and sofas of the house cause this allergy. The effects of this allergy are similar to pollen allergy.
Animal Dander- An allergy caused due to the protein that’s secreted in the sweat or saliva of an animal. People suffering from an allergy of this type are advised to look after their nasal, eye and chest functioning.
Latex- The name is self-explanatory and this allergy comes from frequent contact with latex. This allergy causes skin itchiness and redness. There is no permanent cure to it, hence one can treat it by refraining from using it.
Food allergies- The consumption of certain foods lead to allergies. An individual is most susceptible to allergies on eating shellfish, peanuts, milk, egg, soy or wheat. This allergy causes nausea, vomiting, breathing issues, diarrhea, and swelling. Eliminating the food from your diet altogether is the only way to treat this allergy.
Insect borne- Pulling out of a bee sting, can also cause allergies. The aftermaths include pain, redness, and rashes in the affected area. The patient must undergo venom immunotherapy to prevent the reoccurrence of the sting.

Diagnosing Allergies

How does one ascertain if they are suffering from allergies? If you are experiencing any of the symptoms do not wait for it to heal at its own time. Get yourself tested. Furthermore, there are two ways of testing allergies. Allergy Skin Testing involves studying the body’s reaction after injecting an allergen. Another type of diagnosis called RAST (Radioallergosorbent blood test), is an evaluation of antibodies to identify if there is an allergy.


Allergies have no permanent cure, but CMRA a pain management center offers relief with its treatment. It uses a technique called NAET (Nambuthiripad’s Allergy Elimination Technique) and treats one allergen at a time. Henceforth, the impact of the allergen reduces.

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